Buy quality flowers
Flowers with high quality and good maturity can have good performance. The life span of different kinds of fresh cut flowers and vases varies greatly. For example, the life of the anthurium bottle can reach 20 days to 41 days, while the gerbera has only 38 days, and the shelf life of the rose is about half a month. Fresh cut flowers must first have good quality of stems, fresh appearance, normal color of flowers and leaves, no signs of bending and aging, especially care should be taken not to bend neck, leaf spots and pests.
Processing of fresh cut vases before insertion
After the flowers are bought home, they should be treated immediately to remove the leaves that will be immersed in the stems of the water to avoid damage to the stems, skins or thorns. Generally, the thorns on the stems are not removed. Use sharp scissors to cut the flower feet at 45 degrees and cut the length to 5 cm. Do not break or open the flowers. Do not bundle cut flowers with metal wires such as iron wire to avoid damage.
Bottle of water for flower selection
The vase must be washed before it is filled with water. Water is a key factor in the preservation of cut flowers. Insufficient water absorption is prone to flower and leaf wilting. For cut flowers, low pH 4-5 is much better than high pH. However, if the pH is too low (less than 4), the stem may fade and become soft, such as chrysanthemum. The tap water quality is generally neutral and can be used. Water with poor water quality will reduce the water absorption of the stems, hinder the flower opening, and shorten the flowering period.
Vase selection is stressful
The height of the vase should be 40%-60% of the length of the bouquet, and it is better to use a vase that can hold more than 1 liter of water. All vases can be used as flower arrangements, but the texture of the vase affects the flowering period of the flowers. The glass vase has the best effect; the crystal vase takes a long time to produce small holes, which are easy to be attached to microorganisms such as bacteria, and difficult to clean; the plastic vase will be scratched when used for a long time, and it is difficult to clean; the ceramic vase, if glazed, is relatively Neutral, if it is not glazed or damaged, it is easy to be attached to microorganisms, it is difficult to clean; metal vases are the worst, metal ions are toxic to flowers, and metal vases should be added with plastic vases.
Use of preservatives
The fresh cut flower leaves the mother plant and is cut off from the source of nutrition and moisture. It becomes an independent living body. After harvesting, the flower preservative can maintain the best quality of the flower, delay the aging and resist the changes of the external environment. The preservative can prolong the life of the flower. 2 to 3 times, the preservative can also increase the flower and keep the leaves and petals color. Imported preservatives contain the following types of substances: carbon sources, fungicides, ethylene inhibitors, growth regulators, and mineral nutrients. There are many preservatives imported on the market, and the effect is good. But be sure to pay attention to the amount of preservative used to match the size of the bouquet and vase.
If there is no preservative in the family, you can add sugar, beer, aspirin, vitamin C and other nutrients. For example, adding a little sucrose can prolong the flowering period. Flowers can be extended for 3 to 5 days with one-thousandth of an aqueous solution of aspirin. Adding the right amount of sulfur, salt, and vitamins also has the effect of prolonging the flowering period. When using salt, the concentration should not be too large. Putting alcohol, potassium permanganate, camphor, boric acid, citric acid, salt, alum, etc. in the water can play a bactericidal effect. Only water does not change, and the flowers can absorb water and keep fresh.
Daily care and contraindications
Check the vase every day to ensure that the stem is soaked in water. If the bottle is left with 1/3, add water and preservative. The vase with the preservative should be changed every 2 days to 3 days to keep the water and the vase clean. When changing the water, remove the residual flowers and leaves, cut the roots and expose the new sputum, and replace the incision. Always cut off the wilted flowers, do not spray the flower head with water, this will cause gray mold, do not put the flowers in the dry, direct sunlight, the vase should be away from fruits and cigarettes.
The article was reported by the Ningbo Home Network.
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